Companies often have two forms of assets: tangible and intangible. Tangible assets exist as the assets found on company balance sheets like property, equipment, or inventory. Meanwhile, intangible assets are assets that lack physical form. They include things like patents, trademarks, and licenses.
Additionally, while absent from a company’s balance sheet, intangible assets can often drive a company’s growth and value. In fact, many companies’ value is derived primarily from these intangible assets.
Qualcomm: A Case Study in Intangible Assets
Consider Qualcomm Inc. (QCOM), for example. Michael Mack, Associate Portfolio Manager for VictoryShares and Solutions, argues that much of the San Diego-based tech company’s value comes not from its tangible assets, but from its intangible ones. One way the company generates profits is by licensing the patented designs of its chips to other chipmakers and receiving royalties through those licensing agreements.
However, Mack added that there’s a challenge for investors trying to gauge Qualcomm’s value. The company “doesn’t have a lot of tangible assets.” So, it’s tough to gauge the firm’s value using its book value.
Mack offers a solution: measuring its free cash flow (FCF). “The good news is those royalties show up as cash flow,” he said. “So, using FCF solves this problem.”
VFLO tracks an index that seeks to capture profitable U.S. large-cap companies with high FCF yields.
The Index selects companies from a universe of U.S. large-cap stocks by applying a profitability screen. It then selects companies with the highest free cash flow yields that exhibit relatively higher growth potential based on trailing and forward-looking metrics.
For more news, information, and analysis, visit the Free Cash Flow Channel.
VettaFi LLC (“VettaFi”) is the index provider for VFLO, for which it receives an index licensing fee. However, VFLO is not issued, sponsored, endorsed, or sold by VettaFi, and VettaFi has no obligation or liability in connection with the issuance, administration, marketing, or trading of VFLO.
 The Victory U.S. Large Cap Free Cash Flow Index
 The Victory U.S. Large Cap Free Cash Flow Index’s starting universe is the VettaFi 1000 Index, which consists of market cap weighted U.S. large-cap stocks.
The VictoryShares Free Cash Flow ETF held Qualcomm (QCOM) at a 3.26% weight in the portfolio as of 12/18/2023.
Free Cash Flow (FCF) is the cash generated by a company that is available for distribution to investors, debt repayment, or reinvestment in the business.
Price-to-book ratio measures the market’s valuation of a company relative to it’s book value and is calculated by dividing the company’s current stock price per share by its book value per share.
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