By RiverFront Investment Group
Recently, we at RiverFront have been on a crusade of sorts, attempting to convince investors to stick with global diversification after years of US equity outperformance. Not surprisingly, we have encountered a fair amount of skepticism and pushback to our pro-international message. One of the arguments we have recently heard is, “My portfolio is comprised of US companies that do business around the world, so I don’t need to own international stocks.” In this Equity View, we will cover the reasons, in our view, US multi-national companies should not be expected to stand in as sufficient substitutes for international stocks in a diversified portfolio.
Why US Multi-National Companies Should Not Be Expected to Perform Like International Equities:
1) US valuations are currently higher overall than international valuations
Over long periods of time (20+ years), large-cap stocks in the US and large-cap stocks domiciled in other developed markets can be expected to perform similarly, according to our Price Matters® This is evident in the fact that the long-term real total return trend lines for US large-cap and MSCI EAFE are the same at 6.4% (see charts below). However, few investors have the time horizons or the patience to wait 20 or 30 years to experience the long-term averages. For the investors we normally encounter, who have time horizons in the 5 to 10 year range, starting prices are often a better determinant of returns than long-term averages, particularly when those starting prices are significantly above or below their long-term averages. Today, according to our Price Matters® discipline, US equities are trading at roughly fair value (Chart 1), while developed international equities (Chart 2) are trading at valuations that are 36% below their long-term trend line. This significant difference in valuations between US large-caps and EAFE has historically led to dissimilar future returns. Their less expensive valuations also mean international equities to offer superior dividend yields, beating their US counterparts by 50 to 100bps. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.
2) In our view, US earnings growth is likely to be slow
US earnings growth has stalled over the past few years, while earnings for companies outside the US have been rising. Below are of the few key factors we believe are contributing to slowing US earnings growth:
A) Low oil prices: Low oil prices have a greater impact on the US economy than the economies of most European or Asian countries. This is because the energy sector generally makes up a greater proportion of the US economy and its movements can influence other tangential sectors like housing, banking and consumer spending.
B) Strengthening dollar: Dollar strength leads to decreasing competitiveness for US multi-nationals and makes foreign profits less valuable when brought back home. To the extent we anticipate continued dollar strength as our monetary policy diverges from the rest of the world, we believe this will remain a consistent drag on the earnings of US multi-nationals and a consistent boost for the earnings of companies domiciled outside our borders.
C) Less low hanging fruit: US companies have been quick to react to the “new normal” of slower global growth. In the US, we recalibrated our workforces, recapitalized our banks and bought back stock, which boosted the bottoms-up earnings of S&P 500 companies 40% above their pre-financial crisis highs (Factset). Companies in Europe and Japan have been slower to react and have not fully deployed many of the tactics undertaken by their US counterparts, which explains why the earnings of most EAFE companies remain below their pre-crisis levels. We believe this slower earnings growth means that there is more “low hanging fruit” still present for developed international companies to take advantage of, while fewer such opportunities exist in the US.
3) US multi-nationals do not offer local market exposure
Three of the trends we are most excited about in developed international markets are not accessible by investing in US multi-nationals. These three trends are:
A) International Consumer: With both the European Central Bank (ECB) and the Bank of Japan (BOJ) targeting consumers by stimulating employment and/or increasing wages, we anticipate attractive returns for international consumer companies. Many of the companies we anticipate outperforming operate in the services industries, like retail, restaurants and consumer services. Typically, US multi-nationals operate in the goods sectors and are less exposed to services and thus less likely to fully capitalize on strengthening consumer trends.
B) Real Estate: A second trend that we are bullish on is international real estate, particularly in Japan. We believe that the easy monetary policies instituted by the Bank of Japan (negative interest rates and quantitative easing) will lead to rising real estate prices across Japan. This trend can only be played through Japanese real estate management companies and Japanese real estate investment trusts (REITs).
C) Low Volatility: Stocks that look like bonds (i.e., low-risk assets) were among the first beneficiaries of easy monetary policies in the US as investors were forced out of low yielding safe assets. We anticipate the same types of stocks to be among the first to benefit from similar easy money policies overseas. “Bond look-alikes” typically occupy industries like insurance, food & beverage, public utilities and telecommunications that may not necessarily be accessed through US multi-nationals.
Bottom Line: While the theory that US multi-nationals should participate in foreign stock market strength sounds appealing, this has not been borne out in practice. If the theory were accurate, one would have expected European and Japanese multi-nationals to perform similarly to their US counterparts since 2009, but they have not. The theory also did not play out for four straight years (2004-2007) when US large-caps underperformed their foreign counterparts by as much as 10% a year. As obvious as it might sound, we believe that the only way to get true international equity exposure is to buy international equities, warts and all.
This article was written by Chris Konstantinos, Director of International Portfolio Management, Adam Grossman, Chief Global Equity Officer, and Doug Sandler, Chief U.S. Equity Officer, at RiverFront Investment Group, a participant in the ETF Strategist Channel.[related_stories]
Important Disclosure Information
*Market Cap index information calculated based on data from CRSP 1925 US Indices Database ©2015 Center for Research in Security Prices (CRSP®), Booth School of Business, The University of Chicago. Used as a source for cap-based portfolio research appearing in publications, and by practitioners for benchmarking, the CRSP Cap-Based Portfolio Indices Product data tracks micro, small, mid- and large-cap stocks on monthly and quarterly frequencies. This product is used to track and analyze performance differentials between size-relative portfolios. CRSP ranks all NYSE companies by market capitalization and divides them into ten equally populated portfolios. Alternext and NASDAQ stocks are then placed into the deciles determined by the NYSE breakpoints, based on market capitalization. The series of 10 indices are identified as CRSP 1 through CRSP 10, where CRSP 10 has the largest population and smallest market-capitalization. CRSP portfolios 1-2 represent large cap stocks, portfolios 3-5 represent mid-caps and portfolios 6-10 represent small caps.
RiverFront’s Price Matters® discipline compares inflation-adjusted current prices relative to their long-term trend to help identify extremes in valuation.
Using a currency hedge or a currency hedged product does not insulate the portfolio against losses.
Dividends are not guaranteed and are subject to change or elimination.
Investments in international and emerging markets securities include exposure to risks such as currency fluctuations, foreign taxes and regulations, and the potential for illiquid markets and political instability.
There are special risks associated with an investment in real estate and Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs), including credit risk, interest rate fluctuations and the impact of varied economic conditions.
In a rising interest rate environment, the value of fixed-income securities generally declines.
Low risk assets have typically have been defined as being in the Staples, Healthcare, Utilities, and Telecommunications industries.
Buying commodities allows for a source of diversification for those sophisticated persons who wish to add this asset class to their portfolios and who are prepared to assume the risks inherent in the commodities market. Any commodity purchase represents a transaction in a non-income-producing asset and is highly speculative. Therefore, commodities should not represent a significant portion of an individual’s portfolio.
Stocks represent partial ownership of a corporation. If the corporation does well, its value increases, and investors share in the appreciation. However, if it goes bankrupt, or performs poorly, investors can lose their entire initial investment (i.e., the stock price can go to zero). Bonds represent a loan made by an investor to a corporation or government. As such, the investor gets a guaranteed interest rate for a specific period of time and expects to get their original investment back at the end of that time period, along with the interest earned. Investment risk is repayment of the principal (amount invested). In the event of a bankruptcy or other corporate disruption, bonds are senior to stocks. Investors should be aware of these differences prior to investing.
RiverFront Investment Group, LLC, is an investment advisor registered with the Securities Exchange Commission under the Investment Advisors Act of 1940. The company manages a variety of portfolios utilizing stocks, bonds, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs). Opinions expressed are current as of the date shown and are subject to change. They are not intended as investment recommendations.
S&P 500 Index is an American stock market index based on the market capitalizations of 500 large companies having common stock listed on the NYSE or NASDAQ.
The MSCI EAFE Index measures the equity market performance of developed markets, excluding the US & Canada. The index consisted of indices from 22 developed markets.
It is not possible to invest directly in an index.