While exchange-traded funds (ETFs) thus far in 2019 have received close to $120 billion of flows in the United States, 75% of those funds were funneled into funds utilizing smart beta strategies. With fears of a recession looming, investors are looking for funds that can capture any upside in the markets, but still protect them from the downside.

According to David Mann Head of Global ETF Capital Markets at Franklin Templeton, said this latest influx of capital into smart beta can be traced to a shift in investor behavior and fund performance. 

“I had predicted inflows into smart beta ETFs would reach $100 billion this year, and although we don’t seem to be at a pace to hit it, I think the percentage of equity assets flowing into smart beta is very impressive,” wrote Mann. “As to why this is happening, a couple possibilities come to mind. The first is that investors have acknowledged there are other index rules besides simply letting market price determine the weight of the stock. The second is that many of these smart beta funds have performed very well over the past few market cycles.

Smart beta funds can incorporate a number of strategies in order to achieve returns, including active and passive methodologies. Thus far, the growth of passive funds is outnumbering their active counterparts.

Passive Outdoes Active

According to the latest Morningstar report for U.S. mutual fund and exchange-traded fund (ETF) fund flows, passive funds notched their best month year-to-date during the month of June with inflows of $69 billion across all category groups. The market share for passive funds now accounts for 40 percent compared to a year ago when it was 37.4 percent.

It’s an uptrend that’s recently hit its stride in just the past five years, according to the report. In the meantime, June wasn’t kind to active funds, which lost $22.5 billion after a volatility-laden May that, in turn, saw a number outflows in passive and active equity funds.

“Passive demand has been growing for years, but as we have noted before, passive flows accelerated significantly five years ago, a that trend has continued,” the report noted. “To a large degree, the past 10 years were a tale of two decades. In the five years following the 2007–09 crisis, passive funds collected an impressive $1.16 trillion”

“Passive flows more than doubled to $2.56 trillion during the past five year,” the report added further. “Yes, they likely benefitted from $956 billion in active-fund outflows. But, even if all those active outflows went to passive vehicles, that still left $1.6 trillion of additional inflows. Neither did that demand come from cash leaving money-market funds, as those vehicles had inflows of nearly $590 billion during the decade’s second half.”

Here are the biggest smart beta ETFs based on assets under management (AUM):

SymbolETF NameTotal Assets ($MM)
VTVVanguard Value ETF$49,192.72
IWFiShares Russell 1000 Growth ETF$45,751.04
VUGVanguard Growth ETF$41,808.15
IWDiShares Russell 1000 Value ETF$39,186.63
VIGVanguard Dividend Appreciation ETF$36,571.19
USMViShares Edge MSCI Min Vol USA ETF$30,214.05
VYMVanguard High Dividend Yield ETF$24,875.22
IVWiShares S&P 500 Growth ETF$23,747.35
SDYSPDR S&P Dividend ETF$18,724.08
DVYiShares Select Dividend ETF$17,497.58

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