Meanwhile, within the high yield investment style, iShares iBoxx $ High Yield Corporate Bond (HYG), PowerShares Fundamental High Yield Corporate Bond Portfolio (PHB) and SPDR Barclays High Yield Corporate Bond (JNK) have net expense ratios of 0.50%, 0.50% and 0.40%, respectively. All of these ETFs products are cheaper than the 1.1% charged for the average high yield bond mutual fund. Yet the exposures they provide are different.
PHB has more in BBB-rated securities (13% of assets) than its peers, while JNK takes on more credit risk and has 16% in bonds rated CCC or higher; HYG has more diversification across the credit rating buckets that PHB and JNK. These ETFs have a combined $30 billion in assets under management. In late 2016, Deustsche X-Trackers US High Yield Corporate Bond (HYLB) launched and has a 0.25% net expense ratio. The $190 million ETF has credit exposure most similar to HYG.
One example among the high yield mutual funds with $500 million in assets and an above-average expense ratio is Ivy High Income Fund (WRHIX).
The most significant reason advisors prefer bond mutual funds over bond ETFs, according to Cerulli, was their preference for active management (62%), ahead of the advisor (33%) or the client (19%) being more familiar with mutual funds.
So while greater education about the benefits of ETFs could convince this subset of advisors to further implement bond ETFs, we think new actively managed ETFs could drive adoption. First Trust TCW Opportunistic Fixed Income (FIXD) and Hartford Corporate Bond ETF (HCOR), the latter sub-advised by Wellington Management, launched in 2017, joining a smaller but growing group of bond ETFs managed by prominent managers from DoubleLine, Fidelity, Guggenheim and PIMCO.
Schenone of iShares thinks we’re only in the second inning of advisors using bond ETFs across their practice.
CFRA agrees the environment is ripe for bond ETFs to gain additional assets in the next few years as advisors gain comfort with these passive and active products. We have rankings on approximately 230 bond ETFs, based on a combination of holdings-level analysis, including credit ratings and duration, and fund-level attributes, such as expense ratio and bid/ask spread. Our reports can be found on this platform.
Todd Rosenbluth is Director of ETF & Mutual Fund Research at CFRA.