A number of concerns have recently flared up for the emerging markets, creating volatility both in the equity markets and the currency markets. Concerns started emerging when the Federal Reserve began talk of tapering its asset purchase program, which many feel will reduce liquidity flows to emerging markets. Moreover, a rebalancing in China from investment-led growth toward domestic consumption has put pressure on commodity prices, with ripple effects through many emerging markets that are sensitive to commodity prices. Also there is concern about a banking crisis in China based on the rapid credit expansion that has occurred over the last five years. Many are also pointing to the underperformance of emerging markets over the last three years as being characterized by high volatility. So is now the time for active managers to pick the best opportunities?
In short, my research suggests active managers have a tough time beating traditional index-based benchmarks over longer periods, and I think this particular environment should be no different.
There Are Many Ways to Invest
As emerging markets have become more accessible, there are an increasing number of ways to invest in them, but the decision usually starts with whether to invest in active mutual funds or passive exchange-traded funds (ETFs) . Recently, some have argued that active managers are best suited to outperform in today’s environment, so I want to take a hard look at the numbers. In the table below, I compare how some emerging market indexes have performed against U.S. ETFs and open-end mutual funds within Morningstar’s Diversified Emerging Markets category1.
Active Managers vs. Indexes
For definitions of indexes in the chart, please visit our Glossary.
• Most Active Managers Underperform – Over the most recent 10-year period the MSCI Emerging Markets Index (MSCI EM) has outperformed 73.0% of funds in the Morningstar Diversified Emerging Markets category. MSCI EM also outperformed more than 50% of the Morningstar category in seven out of the past 10 calendar years. It is also important to note that the MSCI Emerging Markets Small Cap Index has outperformed 86.8% of the Morningstar category over the past 10 years.
• WisdomTree Emerging Markets Equity Income Index (WTEMHY) – Since its inception, WTEMHY has outperformed close to 98% of the Morningstar category2. I find it impressive that during two of the worst calendar year returns for emerging markets, 2011 and 2008, the Index was able to outperform almost 98% and 100% of the Morningstar category, respectively.
• WisdomTree Emerging Markets SmallCap Dividend Index (WTEMSC) – Since its inception, WTEMSC has outperformed over 94% of the Morningstar category3. On a calendar year basis, WTEMSC was also able to outperform over 85% of the Morningstar category in four out of the past six years, or two-thirds of the time.