By Toroso Investments

In last week’s ETF Think Tank research note, we covered the importance of ETF advisors having an IPS to drive portfolio management and allow a focus on growth.

This week we lighten things up a bit with ETF Nerd trivia. We cover 5 distinct questions intended to  inspire and educate our readers and challenge our ambitious ETF Nerds to test their knowledge. Take the pop quiz below and learn about ETF ownership influence, individual equity ownership, and active share. Questions at the top, answers and commentary as you scroll down.

Question 1: Which Equity ETF has the most unique active share; meaning has the least overlap to any other ETF?

a. JETS

b. IPKW

c. RSXJ

d. BJK

Question 2: Which US Equity ETF is the most concentrated by holdings, sector, and market cap?

a. SEA

b. IYZ

c. ORG

d. PGAL

Question 3: Which US Equity ETF has the most influence on the underlying stocks in the fund when experiencing significant flows?

a. XSHD

b. ROOF

c. CALF

d. KBWY

Question 4: How many US Listed ETFs own BP ADR?

a. 4

b. 8

c. 104

d. 108

Question 5: What equity is held by the greatest number of ETFs?

a. AAPL

b. SPG

c. VZ

d. PG

Alright ETF Nerds, write down your answers and prepare to be graded. We will offer a bonus question at the end as part of the answer to number

Remember, great research, content, and tools for answering questions like these are always available at www.etfthinktank.com.

Answer – Question 1

Which Equity ETF has the most unique active share, meaning has the least overlap to any other ETF?

C – RSXJ VanEck Vectors Russia Small RSXJ only has 3.7% overlap to any other ETF; surprisingly, that 3.7% overlap is to XBUY Amplify International Online Retail. We used the ETF Think Tank Comparison Tool to find this unique ETF.

As we look forward through the top ten highest active share ETFs below, most are single country ETFs without competitors. IPKW and BJK are interesting because they span multiple geographies but remain distinct.

Answer – Question 2

Which US Equity ETF is the most concentrated by holdings, sector, and market cap?

B – IYZ iShares Dow Jones Telecom. Using the ETF Think Tank Concentration Tool, we reviewed 1303 equity ETFs and using the Hirschman Herfindahl index score to measure position, sector, and market cap concentration. IYZ scored a whopping 139 for our concentration formula. To put that in context, 99% of ETFs score below 100 and SPY comes in at 19.

Bonus Fact: TLTD FlexShares Mngstr Developed Mkts ex-US Factor Tilt scored 6.51, making it the most diversified US listed ETF.

Answer – Question 3

Which US Equity ETF has the most influence on the underlying stocks in the fund when experiencing significant flows?

A – XSHD PowerShares S&P Small Cap High Div Low Volatility.

The ETF Think Tank defines ETF influence based on the percentage of the market cap of the underlying holdings owned by ETFs. In every ETF Think Tank research note, we share our ETF Industry KPIs including the ETF ownership influence average for all ETFs, which is currently at 6.9%. This means that, on average, ETFs own 6.9% of the market of every US stock.

When it comes XSHD, on average, the underlying holdings are 20.3% owned by ETFs. This implies large flows will have more influence on the valuation and prices of the underlying holdings. The ETF Think Tank Ownership Influence Tool allows advisors to see the percent of the market cap of any equity owned by ETFs.

As we look below at the top 10 greatest ETF ownership scores, a commonality arises with small caps, high dividends, and REITs.

XSHD

Answer – Question 4

How many US Listed ETFs own BP ADR?

A – 4

Ok, so this one was tricky; BP is actually held by 108 ETFs. Based on holdings data, 4 ETFs hold the “ADR” and an additional 104 ETFs own the ordinary shares trading in London. The lesson here, when looking under the hood, advisors need to be precise. Many international equities are held in different share types and mixing ETFs can create unforeseen concentrations. Also, something as clear cut as BP, a large cap energy company, can be a top position in some surprising themes. BP is actually a top position in CVY and many other yield focused ETFs as well as KOIN, an ETF focused on Blockchain.

Answer – Question 5

What equity is held by the greatest number of ETFs?

D – PG Procter & Gamble

PG is held by 197 ETFs representing 6.14% of its market cap. PG has a high yield and low volatility making popular with two key factors, but also finds a home in most value-oriented ETFs.

Bonus Question: What equity is held by the greatest number of Mutual Funds?

Answer: MSFT Microsoft.

Microsoft is held by 846 Mutual Funds, representing 20.63% of its market cap. In contrast, MSFT is owned by 188 ETFs, representing 6.16% of its market cap. We believe the mutual fund number is skewed by MSFT, being often considered both a growth and value stock as well as high ESG scores.

Did You Pass?

Can you stump us with an ETF Nerd question?

In thinking through these questions, we hope you contact us to register for the ETF Think Tank where you will gain free access these tools and apply them to meet your needs. Our mission is to help investors easily evaluate and navigate the shifts in the growing ETF Industry.

This article was contributed by the team at Toroso Investments, creators of the ETF Think Tank and a participant in the ETF Strategist Channel.

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