Following the inauguration of controversial President Jair Bolsonaro, Brazilian stocks and the related exchange traded funds rallied last week. The iShares MSCI Brazil Capped ETF (NYSEArca: EWZ), the largest Brazil ETF trading in the U.S., surged nearly 10% on the week.

Bolsonaro has promised wide-ranging reforms aimed at stomping out corruption in Latin America’s largest economy. His ability to make good on the promised reforms is seen as pivotal to the fortunes of Brazilian assets in 2019. Brazil’s economy is expected to post GDP growth of just over 2% this year and 2.7% in 2020.

“Bolsonaro has continued to advocate for a generally business-friendly agenda since he won the second round of the presidential election on Oct. 28,” said Fitch Ratings. “His economic platform included fiscal consolidation, pension reform, simplification of the tax code, privatization and formal independence for the central bank. Notably, some appointments to his administration made in November, including to the national treasury, central bank and development bank BNDES, suggest that he is forming a market-friendly economic team.”

Markets observers were optimistic that Bolsonaro’s economic cabinet, led by former investment banker Paulo Guedes, will push through reforms needed to cut down the country’s 180 billion reais, or $47.31 billion, deficit and restore confidence and growth to the ailing economy.

No Guarantees

What politicians say on the campaign trail and what is actually delivered when they take office are often two different things. Additionally, some analysts are concerned Bolsonaro could move Brazil too far to the right. Bolsonaro, a former army captain who did not disfavorably view the 1964-85 military dictatorship, has been adding military men onto his cabinet since the victory last month, the Financial Times reports.