The U.S. and China finally signed Phase I of a highly anticipated trade deal, which includes a pledge from China to boost purchases of American agricultural commodities, such as corn, soybeans, and wheat.
China, the world’s largest soybean importer, has pledged to raise purchases of U.S. farm goods as part of the initial trade deal. China has already bought 1 million metric tons of European Union wheat so far this season and could now look to U.S. suppliers under the new trade accord.
“The Chinese have pledged to purchase an enormous dollar amount of US agricultural products per year for the next two years,” said Teucrium CEO Sal Gilbertie and portfolio manager Jake Hanley in a recent note. “A commitment of this size can be viewed with skepticism. Yet, even at the low end of expectations, China is committing to purchase a record dollar amount of US agricultural goods in one year.”
Traders were closely watching for more U.S. sales to China after the two countries agreed to a Phase 1 accord in an attempt to ease trade tensions. The protracted trade war previously slowed shipments of soybeans, sorghum, pork, and other agricultural products to China for over a year.
Time To Be Patient
While the likes of CORN, SOYB, and WEAT have recently seen some upside in anticipation of Phase I being signed, Teucrium believes it could take some time for China to live up to its end of the buying agreement.
“As to the question of whether or not China will live up to its agricultural purchase commitments, at current prices, we believe it will take some time for China to achieve the lofty import levels contemplated in the agreement,” said Gilbertie and Hanley. “For 2020 we expect that China will purchase approximately $31 billion of US agricultural products.”
China is really expected in this trade deal to commit to having to buy a lot of agriculture from the US, and corn is right at the top of the list. Plus, historical data indicate corn prices often bounce back early in the year.
CORN tracks three futures contracts for corn that are traded on the Chicago Board of Trade, including 35% second to expire contracts, 30% third to expire contracts and 35% December following the third to expire. The various contract exposures help the fund limit the negative effects of rolling contracts, especially during a market in contango.
SOYB could be a winner this year, but the fund could see a longer-ranging upside if China continues or expand previous buying trends.
“This replenishing of Chinese soybean inventories will create a one-time temporary soy-bean demand surge for U.S. soybeans in 2020,” according to Teucrium. “Long term growth in U.S. soybean exports will result from the continuation of a two-decade trend that has seen China steadily increase soybean imports to feed its vast animal and human populations.”
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The opinions and forecasts expressed herein are solely those of Tom Lydon, and may not actually come to pass. Information on this site should not be used or construed as an offer to sell, a solicitation of an offer to buy, or a recommendation for any product.