Though municipal bonds and the exchange traded funds that hold that debt are viewed as potentially vulnerable to potential changes in Federal Reserve interest rate policy, these funds have remained popular with conservative income investors.
Now, municipal bond investors could see a wave of new issuance as municipalities race to get bonds to market in advance of the Fed possibly raising rates following its December meeting.
Through September 30, actively managed municipal-debt funds had $573 billion in assets under management, compared to just $20 billion for index funds – the largest active-to-passive difference for eight distinct fund types tracked by Morningstar, reports Ari I. Weinberg for the Wall Street Journal. Additionally, of the passive muni funds available, 85% of assets were in ETFs.
Potentially hinting at the potential growth opportunity in the muni index fund space, Vanguard Group recently launched its municipal bond ETF, the Vanguard Tax-Exempt Bond Index Fund (NYSEArca: VTEB). VTEB tries to reflect the performance of the Standard & Poor’s National AMT-Free Municipal Bond Index, which tracks investment-grade U.S. municipal bonds with at least a BBB- Fitch Rating and an effective duration between five and eight years. The ETF has a cheap 0.12% expense ratio, a 5.7 year duration and a 1.82% 30-day SEC yield. [Vanguard Launches Its First Muni Bond ETF]
Investors in higher marginal tax brackets typically hold muni debt as high-income investors would benefit the most from the state, federal and local tax-exempt status of the interest income generated from municipal bonds.