The scope (current euro-zone member nations) and size ($1.1 trillion euros) of the European Central Bank’s latest stimulus effort has delighted the worldwide investing community. In fact, many began betting on a monumental quantitative easing “project” the minute that Europe registered year-over-year deflation of -0.2% for the month of December. This can be seen in dollar-denominated ETF performance since the start of the 2015.
|The Anticipation Game: Investors Bet On Most Recent “QE” Beneficiaries|
|iShares Hedged German Equity (HEWG)||8.5%|
|MSCI Europe Hedged Equity (DBEU)||4.3%|
|WIsdomTree Korea Hedged Equity (DXKW)||0.9%|
|WisdomTree Hedged Equity Japan (DXJ)||0.3%|
|U.S. S&P 500 SPDR Trust (SPY)||0.0%|
The outperformance by Germany as well as Europe over less recent “quantitative easers” is worthy of note. It tells us that the countries/regions that are in the process of actively weakening their currencies – the ones that are actively lowering the costs of servicing their sovereign debt by the most significant amounts via ultra-low yields – are seeing the greatest pop in near-term equity prices.
Indeed, the vast majority of currency ETFs are hitting 52-week lows. The ones that are not? The safer haven currency proxies which include the Swiss Franc (FXF), the Japanese Yen (FXY), PowerShares Dollar Bullish (UUP) and SPDR Trust (GLD). All of these safer haven currency proxies have gained ground in 2015, whereas the overwhelming majority of global growth-oriented currency ETFs are hittng 52-week lows.
|Safer Haven Proxies Are Flourishing, Global Growth Proxies Are Languishing|
|CurrencyShares Swiss Franc (FXF)||13.5%|
|SPDR Trust Gold (GLD)||9.1%|
|PowerShares Dollar Bullish (UUP)||4.8%|
|Curency Shares Japanese Yen Trust (FXY)||1.7%|
|CurrencyShares Australian Dollar (FXA)||-2.5%|
|CurrencyShares British Pound (FXB)||-3.6%|
|CurrencyShares Canadian Dollar (FXC)||-6.3%|
|CurrencyShares Euro Trust (FXE)||-7.0%|
For those who do not understand why the yen strengthens in risk-off environments, you may need a refresher on the “carry trade.” Investors borrow the low yielding yen to invest in higher yielding assets or higher appreciating assets. However, there is a serious consequence for playing the game at the wrong time; specifically, the yen rise in value when institutions and hedge funds rapidly sell stocks, higher-yielding bonds and higher-yielding currencies to avoid paying back loans in a more expensive yen. The Japanese currency can rise rapidly and the reverse carry trade can take on a life of its own.
During January’s volatility in U.S. stock assets, FXY has crossed above its 50-day moving average. If the risk off volatility has truly run its course due to the European Central Bank’s mammoth QE promise and the Bank of Japan’s existing promises, FXY should stabilize rather than climb. Conversely, additional gains for FXY would suggest additional unwinding of the yen carry trade as well as a high probability of heavy volume selling of stock assets.
The potential for the carry trade to unwind and the yen’s historical record as a safer haven currency is the reason for its inclusion in the FTSE Custom Multi-Asset Stock Hedge Index. This index that my Pacific Park Financial colleague and I created with FTSE-Russell- the one that many are already calling “MASH” – holds the franc, yen, dollar and gold. It also owns long maturity treasuries, zero coupon bonds, inflation-protected securities, munis, German bunds and Japanese government bonds. Year-to-date, the FTSE Custom Multi-Asset Stock Hedge Index is up 4.5%.
Shouldn’t investors just play market-based securities in a way that has worked so well during the Federal Reserve’s QE3? The shock-and-awe, 1.5 trillion dollar, open-ended, bond-buying bazooka that gave U.S. stocks double-digit percentage gains in 2012, 2013 and 2014? After all, the European Central Bank (ECB) is proffering $1.1 trillion euros into 2016. The problem in the comparison between these programs is that 80% of the sovereign bonds are being bought by the national central banks and not the the ECB itself. This means that each country (e.g., Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain, etc.) is responsible for its own default risk.
It follows that I might be willing to add a fund like iShares Hedged German Equity (HEWG) to my barbell portfolio, alongside several existing components such as iShares S&P 100 (OEF), SPDR Sector Select Health Care (XLV) and Vanguard Dividend Growth (VIG). I might be a bit more skeptical of iShares Currency Shares MSCI EAFE (HEFA), simply because of the drag of extreme debtors on the periphery of Europe (e.g., Spain, Portugal, Greece, etc.).
By the same token, I have slowly increased exposure over the last three months to a number of existing holdings on the other side of the barbell. They include SPDR Gold Trust (GLD), iShares 10-20 Year Treasury (TLH), Vanguard Extended Duration (EDV) and, more recently, FXY. Remember, multi-asset stock hedging does not mean that your dynamic hedging loses when riskier stock assets win. On the contrary. Both sides of the barbell tend to perform in late-stage bulls.