In this week’s discussion we revisit our earlier analysis looking at the relationship between the gold price and real interest rates. Over the last three months the gold price in dollar terms has fallen 9% moving briefly below $1,200 and naturally raising concerns amongst investors that this pull-back may extend as the dollar continues to strengthen against a broad basket of currencies. By way of contrast the gold price in euro terms has fallen 1.5% and we examine some of the key factors driving the relative move in the two gold prices to try and develop a better understanding of the potential for prices to either move higher or lower over the next three months.
In the chart above we present a five year look back on the price of gold in dollars overlaid with our measure of the value of the dollar, the euro/US dollar exchange rate and the yield on the US 10 year inflation-linked bond, a market measure of the 10 year real interest rate. Note that the real yield axis has been inverted with values reading from high to low moving upwards on the axis. This is to make the direction of the data series consistent with the gold price on the chart with lower real yields being associated with a high gold price.
When we last examined this relationship at the beginning of August the real yield was at 0.14% but has since moved back higher to its current level, 0.478%. The move higher in real yield was also matched by a rise in the value of the dollar on currency markets, as measured by the euro/US dollar FX rate. And both of these variables have exerted a powerful downward effect on the price of gold in dollars which has fallen from 1310 to 1207 (-7.8%).
In the chart below we chart the same data over the same time horizon but instead focus on the gold price in euro. We note that both the real yield axis and the euro/US dollar axis (a measure of euro strength) have been inverted with values reading from high to low moving upwards on the axis. This is to make the direction of the two data series consistent with moves in the gold price with lower real yields and a lower euro/US dollar FX rate (weaker euro) being associated with a higher gold price in euro.