Some of this post is relevant to institutional investors interested in trading exchange-traded funds (ETFs) in significant volume. Individual investors do not always have access to liquidity providers to trade ETFs as referenced below.
WisdomTree recently launched a series of Japan hedged sector exchange-traded Funds (ETFs) to give investors with specific views about Japan’s equity markets and economy more precise ways of participating in Japanese local equities.
Japanese real estate stocks are one segment in focus recently. For starters, real estate investment trusts (REITs) are one of three baskets of securities the Bank of Japan (BOJ) is purchasing in its asset-purchase program referred to as quantitative and qualitative monetary easing “QQE”, along with bonds and exchange-traded funds of equities.1
Partly as a result of the BOJ’s purchases, the real estate sector performed quite well in 2013—up about 70% based on the TOPIX Real Estate Index.2 As the BOJ has not expanded its monetary easing program further than what was announced on April 4, 2013, the real estate sector sold off in 2014 and was down much more than the broad Japanese market through May 31.3
One of Japan’s largest property developers, Mitsui Fudosan Co. Ltd.4, recently announced that it had closed a secondary for 100 million shares5—or a capital raise of more than US$3 billion. In these secondary offerings, because large amounts are being raised, discounts are usually offered to investors into the stock, meaning that to entice buyers, the shares typically are offered at a lower price than what the stock is trading at in the market. According to a Reuters article6, the discount on Mitsui Fudosan was at the lowest end of the range—only 3%, when it could have been as much as 5%. This small discount likely serves as a testament to strong demand the company saw for its shares.
The share sale was the first in more than three decades for Mitsui Fudosan, and many see this as an encouraging sign that there are more growth opportunities to put capital to work in redevelopment projects. Part of Abenomics growth strategies is the creation of special economic zones that may lead to government investment in development projects that could benefit property developers like Mitsui Fudosan. Institutional investors, who seem to have received fewer shares than they desired in the public offering, appear to be looking for ways to get involved in this sector.
The WisdomTree Japan Hedged Real Estate Fund (DXJR), which has its largest allocation, at nearly 10%, in Mitsui Fudosan, is an ETF that provides broad exposure to this market segment.
DXJR Top 10 Holdings
For current holdings of DXJR, click here.
The week the share sale was announced, DXJR, which had $2.5 million in assets from its original seed capital, saw 630,000 shares trade on June 17 and corresponding inflows to the Fund of $15 million that week.7
There are a few lessons with this trading activity. Investors could have looked at the $2.5 million in assets under management and small daily trading volume and decided that they could not get involved in this ETF without impacting its relative price. Japan is also a market where purchasing in the U.S. adds another element to the pricing equation because Japan’s markets are closed—so the ETF also serves as a price-discovery vehicle for Japan’s markets. In other words, market participants involved in the U.S. ETF market, through the combination of their activities regarding ETFs of Japanese equities, influence prices such that the behavior of the ETFs functions to predict where Japanese markets will open on their next trading day.
Even though the Japanese equity market is closed, market makers can still create liquidity in this Fund. A lot of other Japanese equity trading vehicles are active during U.S. hours, including Japanese index futures, other Japanese ETFs and even Japanese American Depository Receipts (ADRs). Market makers would buy or sell DXJR to a customer and hedge themselves with something of similar exposure that has more volume. To demonstrate the depths of liquidity a trader can access, let’s look at one example from each of the two time zones.