Exchange traded funds (ETFs) are intended for creating a low-cost and diverse portfolio regardless of which type of investor you may be. Here’s a breakdown of the various categories you can consider.

For every portfolio need, there is an ETF to fill it. Whether you’re looking in a niche area of the market or need an all-encompassing broad-based fund. Here is a simple breakdown from Aaron Levitt on Investopedia to help get you started.

Theme Funds: Some ETFs track an index centered around a theme or niche of the market, ranging from small-caps to solar energy, and everything in between. Examples of this include Claymore Global Solar Energy (NYSEArca:TAN) or Vanguard Small Cap ETF (NYSEArca:VB).

Broad-based “simple” ETFs: Broad-based funds are all-encompassing fund that give total exposure to a segment of the market. There are plenty of broad-based ETFs that can help get any portfolio on the right track. For instance, SPDR S&P 500 (NYSEArca: SPY) and Vanguard Total Stock Market (NYSEArca: VTI) can get you started. (Four rules for ETF investing).

Bonds: This area should not be forgotten, and can add the right amount of diversification from the equity market. Vanguard Total Bond Market (NYSEArca: BND) is a broad-based bond ETF that covers most bases. (How bonds are overcoming challenges).

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