Why Your Robot Gripper Should be Collaborative

Ultimately, the word “collaborative” describes a type of robot, but does not guarantee safe use of the robot. A risk assessment must always be performed regardless of the type of robot. Your goal should simply be to use safe devices and safe applications in order to make your robotic cell collaborative.

How safe is the 2-Finger Gripper?

User safety is at the heart of our approach to product development. That’s why we’ve added safety features to our grippers that allow them to be safely used in (almost) all situations. Below you’ll find a brief summary of these features.


Our 2-Finger Gripper is equipped with an embedded auto-blocking system that keeps a part secured even if there’s a power interruption. Unlike hydraulic or pneumatic grippers, which depend on a constant power supply to maintain their grasp on a part, our technology lets the gripper mechanically secure an object once it is grasped.

In fact, the mechanical design of the gripper means it can leave its fingers closed against the part indefinitely. It will remain in this configuration until power is restored and the gripper is reinitialized. In other words, assuming the part has been grasped with the right force, you won’t lose anything.

Adjustable force settings

If force limitation is your concern, you should know that the Robotiq 2-Finger Gripper’s force can be adjusted from 20–235 N for the 2F85 version, and from 10–125 N for the 2F140 version.

The ISO/TS 15066 standard suggests a force limitation of 150 N for the hand region, so this is the maximum force you should set in the Gripper’s firmware for collaborative applications. However, you can set it at 235 N when using the Gripper in non-collaborative applications.

You should also know that when the gripper closes against an object, it stops when it reaches a certain force – the set force – and not when it reaches a certain position.

So, if you accidentally place your finger between the object and the Gripper’s fingers, it won’t stop until it has reached the set force. That’s why it’s important to adjust the set force to a level that won’t cause any damage to your fingers (which, according to ISO/TS 15066, is 150 N).

Open linkage protection

In order to prevent pinch points and avoid getting clothes or limbs caught in the open linkage of the gripper’s finger, we’ve developed a cover that can be put over the 2F85 version of our 2-Finger gripper (it’s not yet available for the2F140 version).

This cover closes off all potential open linkages and pinch points. Since it’s made of rubber, it also has a shock-absorbing effect that offers further protection in the event of impact.

Risk assessment for the 2-Finger Gripper

Our product has been installed on thousands of collaborative force-limited robots with great success. Given all the safety features described above, and all the other complex devices present in a robotic cell, the gripper is certainly not the limiting part of it.

Want to learn more about how to do a proper risk assessment for a collaborative robot? Check out this template, which will help you complete the whole process!

Again, if you have any safety concerns regarding the 2-Finger Gripper, a risk assessment is the best tool for finding out whether it’s safe to use. And if you need further information on the subject, our integration coaches are happy to help.

This article has been republished with permission from Robotiq.