I received a call from an 87-year old client yesterday afternoon who inquired as to why her friends are making more money in the stock market than she had been making recently.
“Are most of your friends in their 40s or 50s?” I asked.
“No, they’re my age,” she said.
“Well, then. The advisers for your friends could be in a heap of trouble someday.”
“What do you mean?”
“I mean that we have 50% of your account in stock assets and your account is growing in value at approximately half the pace of the U.S. stock market. And while there are no flawless rules for an 87-year old’s stock allocation, most advisers might peg it closer to 33%. So in order for your friends to be making more than you in stocks, their advisers would likely be risking 60%-70% in stocks, instead of the prescribed 30%-40%. And that amount of risk taking would be seriously frowned upon by the CFP Board as well as the Securities and Exchange Commission.”
“Oh,” she said. “So then I also have too much in stocks, right?”
“If I were holding-n-hoping with your 50% stock allocation indefinitely, then yes,” I said. “However, we rebalance accounts when certain conditions are met. When the monthly market price breaks below its long-term trendline, we will reduce your stock allocation to 25%. That is how we protected you in the 2008 financial crisis.”
“I know, I know! I tell my friends all of the time how little I lost in 2008!” she said enthusiastically.
Shortly after we ended our telephone conversation, I flashed back in time to the late 1990s tech boom. Was this interaction emblematic of the greed near the peak of the 2000 bubble?
Anecdotally speaking, the 2000 bubble fostered a greater amount of ‘get-rich-quick’ scheming. What’s more, equity fascination had largely been a baby boomer demographic thing — people in their peak earning years had come to believe stock assets could not fall in value. Meanwhile, retirees in the late 1990s could earn extremely respectable returns by diversifying with risk-free Treasuries and investment grade bonds.
The difference today? Millennials, GenXers, Baby Boomers – investors in their 20s, 40s, 60s and 80s – are ubiquitous in their fear of missing out on the ultimate stock party. Even 87-year old widows.
Making matters worse, central bank rate manipulation has made it difficult to earn a reasonable return by diversifying with higher quality fixed income assets. Since the Federal Reserve began manipulating borrowing costs lower in the mid-80s, each subsequent recession has required interest rates to be much lower for much longer than the previous contraction.
With investment grade interest yielding so little, it has become stocks or bust for many folks who do not have the luxury of time. Yet a ‘bust’ is what a large percentage of older people are not prepared for.