Rising external financing costs and current account deficits are among the factors plaguing emerging markets debt this year, pressuring exchange traded funds such as the iShares J.P. Morgan USD Emerging Markets Bond ETF (NASDAQ: EMB) and the PowerShares Emerging Markets Sovereign Debt Portfolio (NYSEArca: PCY) along the way.

EMB tracks the J.P. Morgan EMBI Global Core Index, a market-cap-weighted index. Potential investors should note that since it is a cap-weighted index, countries with greater debt will have a larger position in the portfolio.

Some analysts and market observers believe the scenarios confounding emerging markets bonds this year could linger into 2019.

“The impact of tighter US monetary policy, a strengthening dollar, and risks to global trade and growth will continue to be felt in 2019,” said Fitch Ratings in a note out Monday. “EM vulnerabilities are reflected in Fitch’s sovereign rating Outlooks and recent rating actions. Of the 15 sovereign ratings on Negative Outlook, only three are in developed markets.”

Related: Top 56 High Yield Bond ETFs

Cloudy With A Chance of Downgrades

Several emerging markets have been subject to credit rating downgrades or bearish outlook revisions this year. For example, Fitch downgraded Argentina’s credit rating while issuing two downward outlook revisions on embattled Turkey.

The U.S. dollar, which has been strong for much of this year, could remain that way next year, sapping the allure of dollar-denominated emerging markets debt in the process.

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